Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm (1690)

A historic site for families

Newbury, Massachusetts

Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm is a family-friendly National Historic Landmark with activities for all ages. The 230-acre site includes a 1690 manor house that served as the country seat of wealthy Newburyport merchants and an attached farmhouse that was home to a Lithuanian family for most of the twentieth century. Take a tour or come to one of the farm’s many outdoor events, including Vintage Base Ball from May to October.

Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm fosters animals in partnership with the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Visit friendly sheep, goats, chickens, and a horse throughout the year. Learn about life on a farm over the centuries through hands-on activities. Pump water from a well outside the kitchen or sit in a horsehair-covered rocking chair and look through a stereo-viewer in the nineteenth-century parlor. Explore nature trails and enjoy a picnic under ancient maple trees.

Plan Your Visit

Location

5 Little’s Lane
Newbury, Mass. 01951

Days & Hours

Thursday – Sunday
June 1 – October 15
11:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.

Grounds open dawn to dusk year round.

Closed most major holidays.

Admission

$8 adults

$7 seniors

$4 students

Free for Historic New England members and Newbury residents.

Directions

Take I-95 to Route 113, Newburyport. Route 113 turns into Route 1A (High Road). Follow Route 1A for 3.7 miles. Turn left onto Little’s Lane.

Parking

There is plenty of parking at the farm.

Contact Information

View up Little's Lane

This is visitors' first view of Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm. Little's Lane leads to the 1690 manor house.

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  • View up Little's Lane

    This is visitors' first view of Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm. Little's Lane leads to the 1690 manor house.

  • Manor House

    Col. Daniel Peirce built the manor house out of imported brick and locally quarried stone. Dendrochronology places its construction at 1690.

  • Meet the Animals

    The farm fosters friendly animals in partnership with the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

  • Vintage Base Ball

    Visit the farm to watch baseball (or "base ball") played with 1881 rules. Check the Events Calendar for this year's game schedule.

  • Little Family Living Room

    Beginning in 1861 Edward Little and his family made decorative changes to the manor house to update it for his middle-class Victorian family.

  • Stekionis Kitchen

    Jacob Stekionis was the primary farmer for most of the twentieth century. He and his wife Dorothy raised three daughters in the attached farmhouse.

Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm, Newbury, MA. Exterior in snow.Spencer Ownership: First Settlement

John Spencer was granted a 400-acre parcel, the lion’s share of which now makes up Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm, in 1635 as part of the first allocation of land to new settlers. He was an investor in the cattle venture that drove settlement in Newbury, and was a man of means. The town also granted him a house lot of four acres near the landing site in the Parker River.

John Spencer played a prominent role in the early years of the fledgling settlement, representing the town to the General Court in Boston, acting as a captain in the militia, and involving himself in a mill-building venture with friend and fellow wealthy settler Richard Dummer. In 1637, however, both Spencer and Dummer were disarmed for being supporters of Anne Hutchinson and part of a heretical sect. He left Newbury, likely intending to return, and left his property to his nephew. John Spencer died in England in 1648 and his nephew sold the property, now smaller by 100 acres, to Daniel Peirce.

exterior of 1690 Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm

exterior of 1690 Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm

Peirce Ownership: A Colonial Farm

Daniel Peirce Sr. came to Newbury from Watertown in 1638. Like Spencer, he took an active role in the affairs of the new town, and was engaged in blacksmithing, malt making, farming, and cattle raising. When he died in 1677, the farm had greatly increased in value from 500 to 1,200 pounds, due in part to barns and outbuildings he had built on the land and in part to the growing settlement and scarcity of new land in Newbury.

Daniel Peirce Sr. left the farm to his son, known as Colonel Daniel Peirce. Col. Peirce held nearly every post available to a man of means in Newbury at the time. He was a justice of the peace, a militia leader, a charter representative, and a member of the Council of Massachusetts Bay from 1693-1704. His status is reflected in his choice of the first pew in the new meeting house, completed in 1699.

Col. Peirce had many properties, and his primary residence until 1690 seems to have been at the upper end of Chandler’s Lane, now Federal Street, in Newburyport. By 1690, however, he had built a massive cruciform-style stone and brick manor house down a long elm-lined allée on his Newbury farm. Why he chose to build a masonry house in an area where wooden houses were the established tradition remains a mystery. It is certainly true that in England stone houses were associated with status, and that many of his neighbors were from areas in England where there were strong masonry traditions, but his choice was nonetheless an unusual one.

Col. Peirce died in 1704, leaving the house to his son Benjamin. The house remained in the Peirce family until 1778.

6-offinboardman_-_364_x_253Tracy, Boardman, Pettengell Ownership: A Country Estate

In 1778 Newburyport merchant Nathaniel Tracy purchased the farm from the Peirce descendants. Tracy’s ownership inaugurated an era when the house served as a country seat for families prominent in nearby Newburyport.

Nathaniel Tracy was a very wealthy man, the wealthiest merchant in Newburyport prior to the Revolution. He fitted out a fleet of privateer vessels during the Revolution, and suffered severe financial hardships as a result. By 1786 he was in complete financial collapse, and was sent to live in genteel retirement at the farm. During his early ownership of the farm, Tracy made modest Georgian-style changes to the house, reconfiguring the central chimney, replacing the mantles, and encasing the beams.

When Nathaniel Tracy died in 1796, at the age of forty-five, his widow sold the property to Offin Boardman (pictured), who had once worked aboard Tracy’s ships. Boardman had achieved fame during the Revolution for his daring exploits aboard privateer vessels, which landed him in prison in England twice. After the Revolution, Boardman made significant business dealings from his wharf on the Newburyport waterfront.

Boardman added the wooden wing to the main manor house, adding a Federal parlor and sleeping chamber. He also added the farmhouse to the rear of the manor house and attached them through a breezeway. Boardman used the house for family quarters and then for servants.

Offin Boardman died in 1812, having lost his wharf in the Newburyport fire of 1811. He was in great debt when he died, and a survey map was made of his property in order to settle his estate. This map provided the location of his privy, which was the subject of significant study by archaeologists from Boston University and has yielded many artifacts, featured in the interpretation of his time in the house.

John Pettingell purchased the farm at auction in 1812 and seems to have used it as a summer house, leasing the farmhouse and portions of the stone house to tenant farmers. After he died in 1827, Pettingell’s heirs used the property as an income stream, eventually leasing it to Edward Little in 1851.

jacobanddorothystekionis1924_-_364_x_253Little Ownership: A Family Farm

In 1851 Edward Little, a descendant of early settlers of Newbury, leased Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm from the Pettingell heirs. By 1861 his hard work and shrewd business investments made it possible for him to purchase the farm outright. Edward Little believed in the principals of “scientific farming” and also invested heavily in local banks. Throughout the 1860s and 1870s, decorative changes were made to the house to update it for his middle-class Victorian family. A window was added in the front room, the doors were grain-pained, and rugs were installed. Edward Little died in 1877, and the house passed to his two sons, Edward Francis Little (known as Ed) and Daniel Noyes Little (known as Dan). They had a significant dairy operation, and also imported and trained draft horses for use on local farms and in the Coast Guard. Dan and Ed Little both married and had six children between them. By 1930 the surviving three of these six children were being raised on the farm by their paternal aunt, Eliza, after the deaths of their parents from illness or accident.

Eliza Little and her nieces, Agnes, Amelia, and Margaret, never married and lived at the farm until their deaths. They lived carefully and were active in the First Parish Church and in various missionary and anti-tuberculosis efforts.

During much of the twentieth century, the farmhouse was occupied by the Stekionis family, and it was their help and assistance that enabled the four Little women to manage the building and grounds. Jacob Stekionis (pictured with wife Dorothy) had come to the farm from Lithuania in 1912 as a hired hand, and was asked to stay on after the death of Daniel Noyes. Jacob later returned to Lithuania where he briefly courted and then married Dorothy Janusevic. They returned to Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm and raised three daughters in the farmhouse.

In 1971 Agnes and Amelia Little deeded the property to Historic New England, but with life rights. The property came to Historic New England upon the death of Amelia Little in 1986. Dorothy Stekionis, widow of Jacob Stekionis, lived in the farmhouse until her death in 1993.

Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm, Newbury, MA. Kitchen chamber.Becoming a Museum

In 1986 the farm passed to Historic New England, and extensive structural work was undertaken immediately. The massive center chimney had partially collapsed, pulling down the floor by up to eighteen inches, and many beams had rotted away from their pockets in the stone walls. After six years of stabilization and preservation, costing more than $1 million, the house was opened to the public for regular hours in 1992.

15-mspcaanimals_-_364_x_253Family-Friendly Farm

In 2003 Historic New England responded to an overwhelming community need by becoming the first family-friendly farm at Historic New England. The return of animals to the farm was central to this effort, and an innovative partnership with the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (MSPCA) brought sheep, goats, chickens, turkeys, and horses to the farm. A year-round preschool program focusing on farm life brought new audiences to the farm, as did interactive stations in the house and new, large-scale family programs. Since 2003, visitation has grown yearly, and the site continues to find new ways to serve families and the community.

Property FAQs

Learn More
  • Are there restrooms at Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm?

    Yes. There are two restrooms, one handicapped accessible, in the visitor center.

  • Is the museum accessible to people with disabilities?

    A tour of any Historic New England property requires a considerable amount of standing and some walking. Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm has not been equipped with handicapped accessible ramps, elevators, or chair lifts. Folding chairs can be provided for visitors who would like to use them during a tour. Visitors with limited mobility may be able to enjoy a first floor tour of the house and grounds. A virtual tour of the house is available to all visitors in the accessible visitor center. Service animals are welcome. We encourage visitors with concerns to call ahead. We are happy to work with you to make your visit an enjoyable one.

  • Can I take photographs at the museum?

    Interior and exterior photography for personal use is allowed at Historic New England properties. For the safety and comfort of our visitors and the protection of our collections and house museums, we ask that you be aware of your surroundings and stay with your guide. Video, camera bags, tripods, and selfie sticks are not permitted. Professional/commercial photographers and members of the media should visit the press room for more information.

  • When can I visit the Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm grounds?

    The museum grounds are open daily from dawn to dusk.

  • How do I become a member of Historic New England and get more involved?

    Join Historic New England now and help preserve the region’s heritage. Call 617-994-5910 or join online.

  • What is inside the house?

    The manor house at Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm is set up to represent periods throughout its occupancy, from 1690 to 1986. The first floor is family-friendly, with interactive elements in each room. Adult groups may also view the second floor, with rooms from the 1780s and 1690s. The attached farmhouse portrays life in the twentieth century, when the Stekionis family lived and worked at the farm.

  • How do I take a tour?

    The Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm tour experience is slightly different from many other historic sites. Because it is important to the families who visit here to have an untimed tour with opportunities to exit throughout, we try to offer the tour best suited to the needs of the group. Visitors can arrive at any time and will be able to access the house within fifteen minutes.

  • Who are Spencer, Peirce, and Little?

    John Spencer was granted a 400-acre parcel in 1635, 230 acres of which make up Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm today. Colonel Daniel Peirce built the stone and brick manor house in 1690. The Little family lived on the farm for 135 years and gave the farm to Historic New England in 1986. There are many other families associated with this farm whose names are not included in this title, but whose stories are told in the house.

  • When was the house built?

    The stone and brick manor house was built by Colonel Daniel Peirce in 1690. The wooden addition and attached tenant house were added in 1700 by Offin Boardman.

  • When was the barn built?

    The barn northwest of the house was built in 1775. The current visitor center is located at the end of a former carriage barn, built c. 1850.

  • What can I do at the farm if the house is closed?

    The grounds of Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm are open from dawn to dusk. Visitors are encouraged to walk, ski, ride bikes and horses, and visit our farm animals. Because we care for farm animals, dogs must be kept under control at all times. Please avoid areas under active agriculture.

  • Can I use my metal detector here?

    Historic New England believes that any artifact recovered with or without a metal detector is an integral part of the site and should not be disturbed. Because of that we do not grant permission for anyone to remove any artifact from a site for any reason.

  • May I hunt on your property?

    Our site is designated for public use and also houses farm animals. We do not allow hunting on our property.

  • Where did the stones used to make the house come from?

    A geologist studied the rocks and determined that they were collected locally, with some likely hauled from the lower end of Plum Island.

  • What did the farm produce?

    The farm has always been a commercial venture, and never just a subsistence farm. Various owners raised a broad range of animals, including cattle, sheep, horses, swine, and poultry. Crops grown here included fruit, vegetables, wheat, and barley, as well as the salt and fresh meadow hay that the farm is known for. In the late nineteenth century, the Little family primarily trained and sold draft horses and had a thriving dairy herd. In the later part of the twentieth century, Dick Walsh grew flowers in the fields behind the barn. The land is currently leased to a variety of farmers who grow commercial crops.

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Become a member and tour for free.

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