Sarah Orne Jewett House Museum and Visitor Center (1774)
Discover an author’s inspiration
South Berwick, Maine
Writer Sarah Orne Jewett was born in her grandparents’ eighteenth-century house. She lived there with her family until 1854, when they built a Greek Revival house next door. As Sarah gained attention as an author, she and her family lived in the two Portland Street homes in the center of town. Jewett and her older sister Mary inherited their grandparents’ house, now a National Historic Landmark, in 1887. It inspired Jewett’s novel Deephaven.
Today, the grandparents’ house is the Sarah Orne Jewett House Museum. It reflects a blend of the sisters’ eclectic tastes and their family’s tradition, with wallpapers and furnishing that show an Arts and Crafts influence. The newer Greek Revival house next door is a visitor center featuring exhibitions of work by local artists, community meeting space, and a museum shop.
From south, I-95 to Maine Exit 3; from north, after the York tolls, take Exit 2. Follow Route 236 north 10 miles to South Berwick. At intersection with Route 4, turn right. House is in center of town, where Routes 236 and 4 divide.
Ample street parking on Portland and Main Streets. Municipal lot on Portland Street within short walking distance of the house.
When she died in 1930, Mary Jewett left the house to Historic New England.
Sarah Orne Jewett House Museum
When she died in 1930, Mary Jewett left the house to Historic New England.
Sarah Orne Jewett House is typical of Piscataqua region Georgian-style houses with its wide staircase and landing featuring a large window.
On the walls of the Jewetts' library hang photographs of literary figures Sarah came to know after she became a successful writer.
Featuring fine woodwork, the parlor reflects the Jewett sisters' passion for the lives of their ancestors and for preservation of the past.
The Jewetts' dining room is decorated with dark blue accents and evokes a bygone era of seafaring prosperity.
This room contains the finest woodwork on the second floor and unique 1770s flocked wallpaper.
Haggens Ownership: A Prosperous Situation
In the mid-eighteenth century, the area that became the town of South Berwick, Maine, was already an active community. The area was well-situated for early mills, with ready access to abundant timber supplies and rivers for water power and transportation. Tilly Haggens emigrated from Ireland to Berwick around 1740 and acquired a large tract of land in an area known as the Plains. As the name implies, the Plains was a relatively flat and fertile area about a mile north of the Salmon Falls River. Haggens’ land was framed by two early roads, one running from the river north into Berwick, today’s Main Street, and the other running east to Portland, today’s Portland Street. The two streets met at a wide intersection known simply as The Corner. It was at this location that Tilly Haggens’ son John, a successful merchant and veteran of the French and Indian War, constructed a fine Georgian house in 1774. Around 1800, Haggens added a new one-story kitchen to the north side of the house. Haggens and his family continued to live in the house until about 1819.
Captain Theodore F. Jewett Ownership: Family Matters
Captain Theodore F. Jewett, a merchant and ship owner, moved his family from Portsmouth, New Hampshire, to the Haggens house in South Berwick in the 1820s. It appears that Jewett rented the house for a number of years while the John Haggens estate was settled, finally purchasing it in 1839.
In 1848 Captain Jewett’s son, Doctor Theodore Herman Jewett, his wife Caroline, and their baby daughter Mary moved into the house with the Captain. Doctor Jewett began practicing medicine in town and a second daughter, Theodora Sarah Orne Jewett, was born in 1849. The young family continued to live with Captain Jewett until 1854, when a Greek Revival house was built next door for their use. Shortly after moving into the house, a third daughter, Caroline Augusta Jewett, was born.
Theodora Sarah Orne Jewett, named for her father and grandfather, but known to all as Sarah, would grow up to become one of Maine’s earliest and finest regional writers. Sarah became interested in writing early, publishing her first story, “Jenny Garrow’s Lover,” under the pen name A.C. Eliot in the Boston publication Flag of Our Union in 1868. The following year, at the age of twenty, she published her first story, “Mr. Bruce,” in the Atlantic Monthly, embarking on a long relationship with the journal, its editors, and the literary society of Boston and beyond.
Mary and Sarah Orne Jewett Ownership: Sophisticated Tastes
Sarah (pictured), who never married, continued living in the family’s Greek Revival house on Portland Street with her eldest sister, also unmarried, and their mother until 1887. In that year, Sarah’s uncle William died, leaving Captain Jewett’s house to the two sisters. Uncle William had inherited the house in 1860 from Captain Jewett. The three women moved into the old Jewett house and Sarah’s younger sister, Caroline, and her husband, Edwin Eastman, took ownership of the Greek Revival house next door.
Sisters Mary and Sarah decorated their grandfather’s house for their own use, expressing both a pride in their family’s past and their own independent, sophisticated tastes. While the sisters retained earlier wallpapers in four rooms, they made a dramatic statement in the Aesthetic style in the front hall, choosing a bold Arts and Crafts pattern of tulips on a reflective ground to complement a William Morris carpet in the “Wreath” pattern.
Sarah died in 1909 in her grandfather’s house after suffering a stroke. Her sister Mary continued to live in the house, with frequent visits from their sister’s son, Theodore Jewett Eastman. Mary died in 1930, leaving the old family home to Eastman. Eastman bequeathed the old Jewett house and the newer Greek Revival house, which he also owned, to Historic New England, then the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, upon his own death just a year later in 1931.
After Sarah Orne Jewett’s death in 1909, her bedroom was left as it was. The enshrinement of Jewett’s bedroom and two small display cases of objects, assembled by Theodore Eastman, indicate the Jewett family had an interest in keeping Sarah’s memory alive and possibly allowed visitors to see the house. Eastman’s subsequent gift of both Jewett houses to Historic New England supports this desire.
In its early years as a museum, Sarah Orne Jewett House was named the Sarah Orne Jewett Memorial and the Jewett-Eastman house next door became the Eastman Community House. Though Theodore Eastman left Jewett House to Historic New England, he did not leave its contents. The many books in the house were given to Harvard Library (Eastman’s alma mater) and the remaining contents were left to Eastman’s cousin, Mrs. H. H. Richardson of Boston. Some objects and furnishings stayed in the house, on loan or gifted to Historic New England by Mrs. Richardson, but others left the house. Furnishings were loaned from various interested parties, such as Elizabeth and Henry Vaughan of nearby Hamilton House, to help fill any missing gaps in the furnishing plan. In 1933 Harvard returned a number of books to the house on permanent loan.
From 1951 through the 1970s, visitors to Sarah Orne Jewett House were greeted by South Berwick native Elizabeth Hayes Goodwin (1895-1992). Miss Goodwin was hostess at Jewett House, giving tours several days a week during the summer months and serving as live-in caretaker from an apartment in the back ell. Goodwin, who had known Jewett when she was a girl, had a deep devotion to the house and to sharing it with the public. “For some lucky visitors…a tour of the house ends with tea in Miss Goodwin’s own living room, once the Jewett kitchen,” wrote Marie Donahue in a 1977 article for Down East Magazine. “There are several mementos given by the Jewetts to the Goodwin family, including, in a place of honor, a miniature yellow tea set which Miss Goodwin as a child received from Sarah.”
In 1972 Historic New England honored Miss Goodwin for her many years of service at the house by dedicating the breakfast room to her. A plaque still hangs in the room today alongside a portrait of Miss Goodwin by local portrait artist Al Brule.
The Greek Revival house of Sarah’s youth served as a community center for decades in the twentieth century and became South Berwick’s library in 1970. The house was deaccessioned by Historic New England in 1984 when a local group, the Jewett-Eastman Memorial Committee, formed to take care and ownership of the property. During the years when the house served as the town’s library, Historic New England acted as an adviser to the Jewett-Eastman Memorial Committee and held preservation easements protecting the property. By April 2012, the library had outgrown Jewett-Eastman House, and moved to a new home. This presented the opportunity for Historic New England to reacquire the property, which is now a visitor center for community art exhibitions and programming.
A c. 1835 map shows landscape features are carefully recorded, including a rectangular plot labeled “Garden” near the 1774 dwelling. The house and garden may well date to the same time. Sarah Orne Jewett described the site as “an old plot of ground where several generations have been trying to make good things grow.” Until the 1900s Jewett preserved her venerable grounds in literature depicting “wide green yards and tall elm-trees to shade them.”
Young Jewett enjoyed red roses around her door and happily smuggled herself into her grandmother’s enclosed front yard for the crumpled petals of blush, white, and cinnamon roses that she used to make a delicious coddle. Jewett achieved fame as a writer early in life, treasuring the privacy and inspiration of what she christened “my own New England garden.” In 1887 Sarah and her sister Mary made a midlife move into their late grandfather’s colonial house and perfected the olden backyard plot.
Today visitors enter at the gate and see many heirlooms that Jewett described: peonies and roses in “great clusters…heavy with dew and perfume,” the London pride of midsummer “most gorgeous to behold,” white mallows and orange tiger lilies, and finally crimson cardinal flowers that “belong to the old nobility.” On the west side there is a collection of herbs mentioned in Jewett’s masterpiece, The Country of the Pointed Firs. On the east side grows the ancient shrub of “The White Rose Road.”
Can I park at the museum? Is there street parking?
There is ample street parking available surrounding the house and visitor center.
Are there restrooms?
Yes. There is an accessible restroom in the visitor center.
Is the museum accessible to people with disabilities?
A tour of any Historic New England property requires a considerable amount of standing and some walking. The Sarah Orne Jewett House Museum and Visitor Center has not been equipped with handicapped accessible ramps, elevators, or chair lifts. Folding chairs can be provided for visitors who would like to use them during a tour. We are glad to offer guests a visual tour of the second floor of the museum from the comfort of our reception area. Service animals are welcome. We encourage visitors with concerns to call ahead. We are happy to work with you to make your visit an enjoyable one.
Do we need to take a tour or can we just look around?
All visitors to the house receive a guided tour.
Can I visit the grounds at any time?
The museum grounds and garden are open daily from dawn to dusk.
Can I take photographs inside the museum?
Interior and exterior photography for personal use is allowed at Historic New England properties. For the safety and comfort of our visitors and the protection of our collections and house museums, we ask that you be aware of your surroundings and stay with your guide. Video, camera bags, tripods, and selfie sticks are not permitted. Professional/commercial photographers and members of the media should visit the press room for more information.
Is there a museum shop and restaurant on site?
Sarah Orne Jewett House has a small museum shop located in the visitor center. The shop offers a selection of books by and about Sarah Orne Jewett, local history, gift items, and Historic New England pulbications. The museum is located in South Berwick’s downtown area with multiple options for lunch. Our staff is happy to make recommendations.
How can I book a group tour?
Please call 207-384-2454 or visit our Group Tours page for information.
How do I become a member of Historic New England and get more involved?
Join Historic New England now and help preserve the region’s heritage. Call 617-994-5910 or join online.