Browne House (c. 1698)

The first fully documented restoration

Watertown, Massachusetts

Built between 1694 and 1701 for a farming family, Browne House contains rare surviving architectural features from the late 1600s. In a near ruinous state when it was acquired by Historic New England founder William Sumner Appleton in 1919, the house was painstakingly restored in what is acknowledged to be the first fully documented restoration in America. See how a late 1600s family lived in what was considered a “mansion house” at the time.

Browne House is a modest “one-over-one” dwelling with eighteenth- and nineteenth-century additions. Prominent features include a steeply pitched roof, diamond-patterned casement windows, and early door and window placements and styles. During the restoration, an impressive amount of seventeenth-century finish detail was uncovered. There is one large room on the first floor, which incorporated living, cooking, and sleeping space. The upper chamber contains an extremely rare three-part casement window frame.

Plan Your Visit

Location

562 Main Street
Watertown, Mass. 02472

Days & Hours

June 3, August 5, October 15
11:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

Tours on the hour.

Last tour at 4:00 p.m.

Admission

$5 adults

$4 seniors

$2.50 students

Free for Historic New England members and Lincoln residents.

Directions

Main Street, also known as Route 20, is accessible via MBTA.

Parking

Parking is available along Main Street.

 

Contact Information

Browne House Exterior

The original c. 1698 house consisted of one room over one room, each with three triple-casement windows, and a half-story attic above.

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  • Browne House Exterior

    The original c. 1698 house consisted of one room over one room, each with three triple-casement windows, and a half-story attic above.

  • An All-Purpose Room

    The main room on the first floor was known as the "hall." It was an all-purpose room used for cooking, eating, gathering, and sleeping.

  • Stairwell

    In the stairwell, some of the brick nogging that makes up the interior walls is visible under the sheathing and clapboards.

  • Chamber

    The upper chamber was probably a bedroom for children or other members of the family, and may also have been used for storage.

3-exteriorviewfromthesouth_-_364_x_253Early Settlement of Browne Land

Browne House is named for the family that owned this Watertown, Massachusetts, land from 1640 to 1897.

Abraham Browne was an early settler in Watertown. He appears in records as a freeman in March 1632. He came from Hawkedon, Suffolk, England, as part of the “Great Migration,” during which thousands of English settlers came to New England.

Abraham Browne held many important posts in Watertown through the early 1640s, including land surveyor. He laid out many of the roads that exist to this day and many of the original farms and other settlements in town. He also served as selectman and conservator of trees in town. By 1642 his estate totaled thirty-nine acres, consisting of fifteen non-contiguous lots. Abraham Browne died by 1650. The house that he built in East Watertown did not survive, and the exact location remains unknown.

Two of Abraham Browne’s sons were in Watertown, Massachusetts, with him. Jonathan Browne (1635-?) lived in his father’s house on the eastern portion of the land. Abraham Browne Jr. (1640-1667) built his house on the western portion, on the site of the current Browne House.

3-exteriorviewfromthesouth_-_364_x_253A New House and a Family Farm

Jonathan’s son, Captain Abraham Browne (1671-1729), consolidated the entire estate in 1694 and built the house that survives today around 1698. In 1709 the Browne family sold the eastern half of the property with its original house. That portion of the farm passed out of the family’s hands permanently at that time.

Like his grandfather before him, Captain Abraham Browne held many important posts in town, including treasurer, assessor, selectman, town clerk, and captain of the militia. He was licensed for four years as an innholder, beginning in 1709. He had nine children, eight of whom lived to adulthood. In 1708 Captain Abraham was also guardian to Ephraim Williams, whose son later founded Williams College.

Browne House is first mentioned in town records on December 17, 1701. Samuel Browne, Captain Abraham’s second surviving son, lived in the original portion of the house after his father built the additional northern ell structure in 1725.

The physical evidence in the house shows that it was a single-room plan, two-and-a-half stories, with a chimney bay and lean-to dependencies behind the chimney and along the rear of the house. There were three triple-casement windows in each of the two rooms. The house has a garret (or attic space) and a cellar. Many similar houses were later expanded laterally with an addition made on the other side of the chimney to form a symmetrical façade. Browne House is one of fewer than a half dozen houses in New England to retain this profile.

After the death of Captain Abraham Browne, his son Samuel Browne inherited the entire remaining homestead. His descendants lived in the house until 1897.

2-westelevationbeforerestoration_-_364_x_253Neglect and Rescue

Peter J. Brandley bought the house and property from the Browne family in 1897. In the intervening years the property deteriorated to what was described as “a number of somewhat dilapidated farm buildings that once were part of the larger estate.” The Historical Commission of Watertown gave its permission for the house’s demolition because of its severe deterioration.

6-stairwell_-_364_x_253Restoration Process

In 1910 William Sumner Appleton founded the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, now Historic New England, the first regional historic preservation organization in the United States. The organization and its mission were his life’s work until his death in 1947.

Appleton’s systems of management, scientific methodology, and historical research coalesced around the purchase and preservation of Browne House. He described it in 1915 as “one of the very best old houses still standing in New England.” His goal was to save simple, old, vernacular-style houses because many others deemed them unimportant.

Appleton bought the Browne House and property in April 1919 with $3,000 of his own funds, as the Board of Trustees of Historic New England felt the house could not be salvaged. The house was purchased in the same week that demolition was scheduled. Appleton hired skilled workmen and architects with experience on earlier preservation projects, including the esteemed Boston architect Joseph Everett Chandler. The foreman, Frederick R. Mosher, of the firm Messrs. I. H. Bogart & Son, had worked on projects at the House of the Seven Gables and Hooper-Hathaway House in Salem, Paul Revere House in Boston, Phineas Upham House in Melrose, and Cooper-Frost-Austin House in Cambridge.

Appleton considered dismantling the structure and moving it to Saugus because he thought that the framing was its most important feature. However, Norman M. Isham, a Historic New England colleague and fellow pioneering preservationist, wrote Appleton a letter in which he stated that the house was too important to be dismantled and moved. He gave Appleton advice that was to prove prescient:

“My advice is to stick to your lease scheme and keep the old building in situ. It has too many secrets to reveal. It has more to tell us than a little, not particularly about framing, which is really about all you could preserve if you took it down and stored it, but about windows and stairs. All these little bits of extremely important detail will be lost unless you work slowly along with the house as it stands and ask your questions of it as you go and have the house to go back to if you don’t understand the answer to some query and want to ask it over. Do not tear it down, it is too important. And don’t work without some architect at your elbow. If you have Chandler get him to stay there as much as he can. DO NOT TEAR THE HOUSE DOWN!!”

Browne House became one of the first fully documented restorations of a seventeenth-century building in the United States.

During the restoration process as much original material was retained as possible. William Sumner Appleton “gave” Browne House to Historic New England on May 1, 1922, “subject to a mortgage of $3,100.” The mortgage continued to be held by Historic New England until 1949 when it was fully discharged.

4-tearoom_-_364_x_253A Tea Room

William Sumner Appleton pioneered the adaptive reuse of restored properties as a means of earning income to assist with property maintenance. Beginning in 1924, Miss Celestia Lapham and Miss Katharine M. Millea rented Browne House from Historic New England, as a residence in the north and western ells, and as a tea room and gift shop located in the lower chamber of the seventeenth-century portion of the house. Heating radiators and other plumbing were added in the summer of 1924 for this purpose.

There continued to be a succession of custodians, some of whom maintained a tea room in the house, including Mrs. Sue Burnham and her family in 1933, Mrs. Marcus Osborn, Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Burnham, and Mr. and Mrs. Christopher J. Fitzpatrick Jr.

Browne House - Exterior (different filters, etc.)Becoming a Museum

Browne House reveals aspects of seventeenth-century architecture otherwise lost today. Its restoration exemplifies the transition from traditional reconstructions, found at places like Paul Revere House and the House of the Seven Gables, to the use of historical and scientific methodology, which is now the norm of such work. Historic New England maintains the house as a study property because it is significant as an example of now rare and in some cases unique architectural features, and as an early example of a documented building restoration.

Property FAQs

Find out about accessibility, photography policy, and more.

Learn More
  • What will we see when we visit Browne House?

    Browne House is a modest “one-over-one” dwelling with eighteenth- and nineteenth-century additions. Prominent features include a steeply pitched roof, diamond-patterned casement windows, and early door and window placements and styles. During restoration an impressive amount of seventeenth-century finish detail was uncovered.

  • Do I need to take a tour or can I just look around?

    All visitors to the house receive a guided tour.

  • Is the museum accessible to people with disabilities?

    A tour of any Historic New England property requires a considerable amount of standing and some walking. Browne House has not been equipped with accessible ramps, elevators, or chair lifts. Folding chairs can be provided for visitors who would like to use them during a tour. We are glad to offer guests a visual tour of the museum. Visitors with limited mobility may be able to enjoy a first floor tour of the house and grounds. Service animals are always welcome. We encourage visitors with concerns to call ahead. We are happy to work with you to make your visit an enjoyable one.

  • Can I take photographs at the museum?

    Interior and exterior photography for personal use is allowed at Historic New England properties. For the safety and comfort of our visitors and the protection of our collections and house museums, we ask that you be aware of your surroundings and stay with your guide. Video, camera bags, tripods, and selfie sticks are not permitted. Professional/commercial photographers and members of the media should visit the press room for more information.

  • How do I become a member of Historic New England and get more involved?

    Join Historic New England now and help preserve the region’s heritage. Call 617-994-5910 or join online.

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