Lyman Estate (1793)

A grand country estate

Waltham, Massachusetts

The Lyman Estate, also known as “the Vale,” is a National Historic Landmark and one of the finest U.S. examples of a country estate following eighteenth-century English naturalistic design. In 1793 shipping merchant Theodore Lyman commissioned famed architect Samuel McIntire to design and build a Federal-style house for his family.

The family enlarged the house in 1882 in the Victorian style and then remodeled it in the Colonial Revival style in 1917. The thirty-seven acres include beautifully preserved gardens and historic greenhouses. Hear the story of the Lyman family during a tour of the mansion, which is used today as a venue for weddings and corporate events. Its architectural features include a graceful oval parlor and elegant ballroom, which can be seen in the 2019 film adaptation of Little Women. Stop by the Lyman Estate Greenhouses for beautiful plants and expert advice.

See the Lyman Estate in Little Women

Plan Your Visit


185 Lyman Street
Waltham, Mass. 02452



Days & Hours

April – October
First and third Saturdays

November -March 
First Saturdays

Tours at 10 AM, 11 AM, 12 PM

Grounds open 
Daily from dawn to dusk


$15 adult
$13 senior
$7 student

Free for Historic New England members


Tour involves standing, walking, and stairs. There is a ramp for access to the first floor. Visitors with limited mobility may be able to enjoy a first floor tour and visitors are welcome to sit on the reproduction furniture in the house. A virtual tour is available to visitors through their own digital device. The estate has not been equipped with ramps, elevators, or chair lifts to reach the second floor. Service animals are welcome. We are happy to work with you to make your visit an enjoyable one and we encourage visitors with questions or requests to call ahead.


Ample on-site parking for cars; buses must be prearranged.

Contact Information

The Lyman Estate, or "The Vale"

In 1793 wealthy shipping merchant Theodore Lyman built a summer retreat for his family, who lived on Boston’s Beacon Hill the rest of the year.

  • The Lyman Estate, or "The Vale"

    In 1793 wealthy shipping merchant Theodore Lyman built a summer retreat for his family, who lived on Boston’s Beacon Hill the rest of the year.

  • Ballroom

    With its emphasis on balance and symmetry, the ballroom is an elegant example of Federal architecture.

  • Staircase and Palladian Window

    During the 1882 renovation the main staircase was relocated to this central location, becoming a strong architectural feature in its own right.

  • Library

    The library, also the result of the 1882 renovation, reflects the darker Victorian taste with its stained pine paneling.

  • Peach Wall Garden

    The dramatic 400-foot peach wall was used to grow peach and pear trees. It also separated the formal garden from the woodlands.

  • View of the Greenhouses

    A path leads from the mansion to the 1804 Lyman Estate Greenhouses.

Waltham, MA. The Vale, by Alvan Fisher, 1820-25.Theodore Lyman’s Federal Country Estate

Theodore Lyman (1753-1839) was born the son of a minister in York, Maine. He established himself in shipping before moving to Boston after the American Revolution. He expanded his business interests from the Northwest fur trade into the China Trade, acquiring sufficient wealth by the time he was forty years old to support a country estate and gentleman’s farm. Theodore Lyman began to acquire land in Waltham in 1790 through the purchase of small farms. In 1793 he commissioned famed architect Samuel McIntire of Salem, Massachusetts, to design and build an elegant country house in the Federal style. The formal name, “The Vale,” was chosen as a reference to the estate’s location in a slight valley, with a brook running through it.

Mr. Lyman married twice. His first wife was Sarah Emerson and through her family’s wealth he established his business in Maine. Following her death, he married Lydia Pickering Williams from Salem’s prominent Pickering family, and it was through Lydia’s Salem connection that McIntire was hired. With two daughters from Theodore’s first marriage, the family grew to include four sons and a daughter who, through marriage within Boston’s merchant class, created a large, influential, and closely linked network of cousins, aunts, and uncles with shared business, social, and cultural interests throughout the region.

Beginning with Theodore Lyman, each successive generation to own the estate had a passion for horticulture and agriculture. In addition to a 400-foot-long Peach Wall, the estate contains a completely intact historic greenhouse complex which was begun in 1800 with the construction of the Ancient Greenhouse. In 1804 the three-part Grape House was built to house citrus, figs, pineapples, bananas, and forced native fruits. This was followed in 1820 by the creation of the Camellia House, and in 1840 the Grape and Camellia Houses were connected, thereby creating another greenhouse. By 1839 the estate contained 400 acres and included meadows, ponds, pleasure grounds, woodlands, a deer park, gardens, greenhouses, a working farm, as well as the mansion, carriage house, gardener’s cottage, and various farm buildings.

It was used primarily as a warm-weather retreat for the family, though both Theodore and George Lyman resided here year round as widowers. The family lived on Boston’s Beacon Hill the rest of the year. Large expanses of open countryside, together with proximity to Boston, made Waltham an attractive location for country retreats. The estate was beloved by four generations of the Lyman family until 1952, when the fifth generation donated the property to Historic New England.

LYM 2015 Landscape ConditionsGeorge Lyman’s Inheritance

Following Theodore Lyman’s death in 1839, the property was inherited by his eldest son, George Williams Lyman (1786-1880). After graduating from Harvard in 1806, George continued in the shipping business, trading in China and Europe. But with shipping prospects diminished by the 1807 embargo and the War of 1812, George embarked on new pursuits. During his lifetime, he was involved with a group called the Boston Associates in the creation of New England’s textile mills, and served as a director of the Boston and Lowell Railroad and a director of the Columbian Bank, as president of the Massachusetts Hospital Life Insurance Company, and of the Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture. His first wife was Elizabeth Gray Otis, the daughter of Harrison Gray Otis and Sally Foster Otis, prominent Bostonians who built a Federal-style mansion in Boston’s Bowdoin Square, now owned by Historic New England. After Elizabeth’s death in 1824, George married Anne Pratt, a niece of his mother’s. His family, like Theodore’s, was large, with two sons and a daughter from his first marriage followed by two daughters and a son from his second.

To the three children of his second marriage, George Lyman gave land on the hill north of his Waltham estate where he and Anne had summered before moving to The Vale. This allowed each of them to build a summer home there in the 1860s, creating a family compound around which the bonds of family became even more deeply rooted in the ancestral retreat. The growing families of Arthur Theodore Lyman (1832-1915), and his sisters Sarah (Mrs. Philip H. Sears) and Lydia (Mrs. Robert Treat Paine) were a delight to George and Anne Lyman.

Upon George’s death, the estate was purchased by Arthur, the eldest son from George’s second marriage, as the oldest son, George T. Lyman, “could not afford it” (according to family accounts) and the next oldest, William Pratt Lyman, had predeceased George. Arthur entered business during times that included the Panic of 1857 (a dislocation that caused his marriage to Ella Bancroft Lowell to be postponed to 1858), the Civil War, and the post-war recovery years. A brilliant student, Arthur trained as a lawyer but followed in his father’s footsteps, working in the textile industry. He became highly successful, serving in high positions of responsibility for many of the textile mills located in Lowell, Lawrence, and nearby communities.

Lyman Estate, Waltham, MA. Stair landing with Palladian window.Arthur T. Lyman’s Victorian Renovations

For Ella and Arthur, the parents of six children who ranged from twenty-two to three years of age when The Vale was acquired, the mansion was much in need of significant enlargement. They hired Boston architect and Waltham native Henry W. Hartwell of the firm Hartwell and Richardson to undertake this large project. The alterations included updating the kitchen and laundry wing, extending the second floor with additional bedrooms, creating an entire third floor of servants’ bedrooms, relocating the main staircase with its prominent Palladian window, constructing two-story bays on the south elevation, and installing up-to-date bathrooms. All of these changes thoughtfully extended the original Federal architecture in the picturesque and fashionable Queen Anne style which added elaborate woodwork, colorful tile, floral wallpapers, and patterned chimneys and sash to the old house. The couple chose to leave unchanged the ballroom (which the Lymans knew as the library) and bow parlor – both pristine examples of Federal-period design and sacred to the memories of family gatherings for funerals, weddings, and baptisms.

Upon Arthur T. Lyman’s death at age eighty-three in 1915, the Estate was inherited by his son, Arthur T. Lyman Jr. (1861-1933). Arthur Jr., his wife Susan Cabot, and their five young adult children continued the tradition of summering at The Vale. Arthur’s business interests included positions as director and officer of textile manufacturing companies, as well as the Massachusetts Life Insurance Company. He served on the boards of the Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Waltham Hospital. As the New England textile industry became more problem-ridden, Arthur became increasingly drawn to politics, most specifically to the Massachusetts Democratic Party. He became active in Waltham politics as chair of the Board of License Commissioners, Waltham (1894), then as mayor of Waltham in 1896. Among his other accomplishments, he was president of the Democratic Club of Massachusetts, chairman of the State Democratic Committee, then director of finance for the Massachusetts branch of the National Democratic Committee.

4-ovalbowparlor_-_364_x_253Colonial Revival Renovations

The final changes to the mansion’s architecture were made by Arthur and Susan in 1917. The couple hired a Boston interior designer and antiques dealer, Miss Nonie Tupper, to renovate in the then-fashionable Colonial Revival style. On the interior, the renovations are most evident in the dining room and east parlor, where rooms were simplified and reproduction McIntire-style mantels were installed. Once again, the bow parlor and ballroom were preserved as relics of the early house. On the second floor, the family added en-suite bathrooms to the south-facing bedrooms, including the two tiled baths in an old dressing room above the front entrance. The exterior changes included removing Victorian embellishments, changing the window sash, and rebuilding the chimneys. In 1930 another greenhouse was built for the purpose of growing cut flowers for the floral arrangements that filled the house and which a “flower maid” changed three times a week. Arthur T. died in 1933 and The Vale was inherited by his widow, Susan Cabot Lyman.

movies_364_x_253Preservation and Public Enjoyment

Upon Susan Cabot Lyman’s death in 1951 at the age of eighty-seven, the Lymans’ five children inherited the estate. Seeking to preserve it for others to enjoy, they generously donated it to Historic New England. The estate now consists of the mansion, historic greenhouses, carriage house, gardener’s cottage, and thirty-seven acres of gardens and grounds. The estate is a popular site for private functions, such as weddings, parties, and corporate events. Tours of the mansion are available on the first Saturday of every month and by appointment, and the mansion is periodically open for lectures, outdoor movies, and other public programs. The Lyman Estate Greenhouses are open year round for casual visitation, group tours, and plant sales.

Landscape History

To create grounds that complemented the Federal-style mansion designed by Samuel McIntire, Theodore Lyman engaged landscape gardener William Bell, a recent immigrant from Great Britain. The landscape design featured rolling pastures, lawns, winding paths, and ponds characteristic of the picturesque style. Groups of trees framed scenic vistas while work areas, like the kitchen and cutting gardens and outbuildings, were screened from view.

Lyman experimented with and promoted forward-looking agricultural practices and floriculture. In the 1820s he imported some of the first European copper beeches to be planted in America. The estate’s greenhouse complex is one of the oldest surviving examples in the country. The estate made a magnificent impression on all who saw it. In 1822 poet William Cullen Bryant, who described its marvels in a letter, called it “a perfect paradise.”

As the Victorian era advanced, the family embellished the landscape, planting flowering shrubs along the pathways and cutting flower beds into the lawn. Behind the house, the rhododendrons, azaleas, and magnolias planted before the Civil War still light up the yard each spring. The 1938 hurricane downed many of the estate’s large old trees. Today, the sugar maples lining the entrance road, the copper beech beside the Camellia house, and the large tulip tree by the parking lot remain as some of the oldest trees on the property.

Property FAQs

Find out about dog walking, photography policy, and more.

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  • Can I use the grounds when a function rental is underway?

    During private event rentals, the grounds are closed to the public.

  • Are dogs permitted on the property?

    Historic New England welcomes responsible pet owners to enjoy our grounds. Dogs must be on a leash and under control at all times. Dog waste must be picked up and properly disposed of, off the property.

  • Who built the Lyman Estate?

    The Lyman Estate was created in 1793 by Theodore Lyman. Lyman was born in 1753 in York, Maine. After gaining experience in the shipping industry, he moved to Boston shortly after the American Revolution. He lived with his family on Boston’s Beacon Hill and moored his ships in Boston Harbor. Highly successful by the age forty, he built the Lyman Estate, which his family named “The Vale,” as a summer residence and gentleman’s farm.

  • Why is the house so under furnished?

    The mansion is used primarily as a function venue for weddings, private parties, and corporate events. For that reason, it must be kept open so that the rooms can be set up and used for functions. Objects deemed too fragile, too valuable, or limit the current use of the mansion, are stored off-site. Learn more about renting the Lyman Estate.

  • Why is there a long brick wall?

    The 600-foot-long, twelve-foot-high wall is named the Peach Wall. The wall’s purpose was both decorative and utilitarian; peaches and pears were trained to grow flat against it, in an espalier fashion, with their branches wired to supports, which allowed them to grow horizontally against the wall. The effect was very attractive and ornamental. The wall was also functional, as the heat radiating from it protected the fruit from early frosts, and allowed it to ripen more quickly. Architecturally, it served as a dramatic feature that separated the manicured garden area directly behind the mansion from the woodlands behind it.

  • Can I take photographs at the Lyman Estate?

    Interior and exterior photography for personal use is allowed at Historic New England properties. For the safety and comfort of our visitors and the protection of our collections and house museums, we ask that you be aware of your surroundings and stay with your guide. Video, camera bags, tripods, and selfie sticks are not permitted. Professional/commercial photographers and members of the media should visit the press room for more information.

  • How do I become a member of Historic New England and get more involved?

    Join Historic New England now and help preserve the region’s heritage. Call 617-994-5910 or join online.

  • Do you provide admission discounts for EBT cardholders?

    EBT cardholders from all fifty states can show their card for $2 admission to house tours for up to four guests per card.

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