Brooch

Date

1850-1880

GUSN

GUSN-23974

Description

This brooch is part of a six piece jewelry set, or parure, made of steel pave-set with iron pyrite. This brooch is an equal-armed cross set in a laurel wreath.

Details

Descriptive Terms

pins (fasteners)
pins (jewelry)
steel (alloy)
pyrite
Steel
Mica
Brooch

Label

This equal-armed cross is often called a "Maltese Cross" after the crusading Knights of St. John but it might also be St. Patrick's Saltire, which is typically depicted as a red 'X' on a white ground. Jewelry sets such as this were tourist souvenirs made from the locally-produced iron pyrite crystals often called "Irish diamonds." Other popular Irish motifs included in this set are trefoil shamrock leaves. For more on this type of jewelry and to see a similar set in the Birmingham (UK) Museum of Art, see Charlotte Gere and Judy Rudoe, Jewellery in the Age of Victoria (2011), 496.

Associated Building

Original to Castle Tucker (Wiscasset, Me.),

Maker

Unknown

Object Type

Adornment

Dimensions

2 x 1.75 (HxW) (inches)

Credit Line

Gift of Miss Jane S. Tucker

Accession Number

1998.4924.3

Places

Ireland (British Isles, Europe) [island]