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Bakelite

Trade name of a dense synthetic resin made from carbolic acid and formaldehyde, patented between 1907 and 1909 by Leo H. Baekeland. Also known as catalin, bakelite can be molded, extruded, or carved, which made it popular for a variety of uses during the 1930s and 40s, including jewelry, kitchenware, and toys. As a thermostat plastic, bakelite will not melt when exposed to heat.

 
Bakelite