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Old Ways Change: 1860s to the 1900s

1860s TO THE 1900s
The Industrial Age changed the New England landscape in the late 1800s, and scientific thought applied to everyday life transformed events as small as preparing the evening meal. More people living in cities, new machines for doing the work in all aspects of life, and the chance to make a profit imposed new pressures on the old ways of producing, delivering, and using cows’ milk.
Sheafe Street,North End, Boston,
Massachusetts (above, right
From Bulletin of the North Bennet Street
Industrial School, Boston, 1921-22

Courtesy of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities
Making-up Room, Lawrence Hosiery Mill, Lowell, Massachusetts, circa 1865 (above)
Photograph by S. Towle
Courtesy of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities

Although some of the people living in tenements and working long hours in factories may have farmed before they came to the cities, they now had no time or place to produce their own foods. They bought what they needed with their wages.
Industrialization, trade, and commerce led to growth in New England’s factory towns and seaports, attracting both rural New Englanders and foreign immigrants seeking work.Thanks to mechanization, population growth, and new sources of power like electricity and gasoline, the trend toward urbanization took over.One thing didn’t change, however — people needed food, no matter where they might live and work.Dairying had to mechanize and solve problems of delivery and spoilage in order to bring milk products into new markets.


Old Ways Change: 1860s to the 1900s