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1942.2761 (RS119063)


This banner is associated with General George Washington. It is square with a natural-colored background and a single green pine tree at the center; three sides have fringe. Above the tree reads "We Appeal to Heaven" and below is "1776".


Associated Building
Original to Beauport, Sleeper-McCann House (Gloucester, Mass.).
cotton (textile)
linen (material)
Object type
Ceremonial Artifact
Descriptive terms
cotton (textile)
linen (material)
42.75 x 41.25 (HxW) (inches)
Accession Number
Credit Line
Gift of Constance McCann Betts, Helena Woolworth Guest and Frasier W. McCann


Interesting image, motto and date contrary to Library of Congress letter #

AvatarPosted by James Renwick Manship on February 13, 2013
In a reply to Nicole's reply to my question, I have been pointed to this interesting image. After I gave a speech to the Navy Chaplains Convention in November 2004, I did research on the "Washington Cruisers Flag" that flew on the first seven ships of the American Navy. Last year, 2010, I received a copyright on the design of that flag based on research. The motto on this banner is contrary to Library of Congress letter of 20 October a.d. 1775, where Colonel Joseph Reed, aide to General Washington, wrote the motto as "Appeal to Heaven" (upper and lower case letters (not "AN APPEAL TO HEAVEN" or "WE APPEAL TO HEAVEN"). The motto "Appeal to Heaven" derives from John Locke's 2nd Treatise on Government. Also, given the letter's date and the first seven flags began to fly in the autumn of 1775, then the year is more properly 1775 rather than 1776. All that said, it is nonetheless very interesting to see this Revolution banner, for none of the flags that flew on the first seven ships are known to have survived.

Response #

AvatarPosted by Nicole Chalfant - Collection Manager on February 14, 2013
Thank you for the information you have provided, Mr. Manship. This helps us add to our object records and is much appreciated. I look forward to being in touch with you as we learn more about our flag.